Current Asylum and Refugee Status in the District of Lichtenfels and in Bamberg

State asylum and refugee accommodation in Bavaria as well as in the province of Lichtenfels are still widely used. After the region has already received a total of 756 Ukrainian refugees in 2022 so far, the allocations in the general asylum area are increasing rapidly again. This poses significant challenges to the district of Lichtenfels. ‘,” District Manager Christian Messner explains the current situation.

The situation at the ANKER facility in Upper Franconia in Bamberg

The ANKER facility in Upper Franconia, the primary common reception center for all Upper Franconian provinces and metropolitan areas, operated by the government of Upper Franconia, currently houses 2,002 (as of August 29, 2022). That’s about 700 more people than usual. Thus, the arrival rate remains at a very high level and even without including Ukrainian refugees, this year the ANKER facility has already recorded the largest number of arrivals since 2016. Currently the people’s countries of origin are mainly Syria, Georgia, Moldova and the Russian Federation. On the other hand, access to Ukrainian refugees at the ANKER facility has fallen sharply. The background to this is that the distribution of Ukrainian refugees and asylum seekers is processed using two separate distribution tools, each based on the Königstein Key, with the Free State of Bavaria having different execution rates.

Ukrainian refugees in Liechtenfels County

Also in Lichtenfels County, there are very few Ukrainian refugees. Recently, there have been few or no referrals of Ukrainian refugees through the ANKER facility. Distribution to counties by bus has been stopped. In Lichtenfels County, gyms designated to house Ukrainian refugees for short periods were dismantled as a result. However, there are still direct flows of Ukrainian refugees through family ties or similar relationships, but these are somewhat isolated cases. Lichtenfels County has so far received 756 refugees from Ukraine, of whom 304 are children and youth. It is estimated that there are currently about 700 Ukrainian refugees in the Lichtenfels region – this number cannot be determined precisely, since not all people are officially registered and above all also deregistration.

Asylum seekers in the county of Lichtenfels, weekly assignments for ten people from August 22, 2022

Due to the large number of asylum seekers at the ANKER facility in Upper Franconia in Bamberg, the district of Lichtenfels received ten asylum seekers per week from August 22, 2022 until at least the end of September 2022 from the Government of Upper Franconia for more information. Residence. As state authorities, all district offices are obligated to provide subsequent housing and have to regularly accommodate asylum seekers in the state, the so-called decentralized housing. Here, too, the distribution is based on the Königstein key. Asylum seekers are also subject to the so-called residency obligation, i.e. they are obligated to live in the decentralized housing allotted to them until the asylum procedure is completed and, unlike Ukrainian refugees, they are not allowed to search for private housing on their own.

Big challenge for Lichtenfels

The increased arrival events and weekly allotments now pose significant challenges to the Lichtenfels County Office. Available decentralized accommodations are on the edge of their maximum capacity. Currently, 535 people are housed in decentralized accommodation. In September 2021, the number was still 293 people. With the tension already in the real estate and housing market, it is difficult to get new accommodations.

In view of this, the district office is forced to use all means at its disposal to fulfill the state’s obligation to accommodate asylum seekers. As a first step, the few decentralized accommodations, which are not yet fully occupied and which the region was able to acquire exclusively for this purpose in connection with the Ukraine crisis, should also be used. This means that Ukrainian refugees, some of whom are still currently housed in decentralized asylum accommodation, must be moved to these accommodations so that they can make the best possible use of the available capacities. Of course, with the participation of auxiliary volunteers, an attempt was made to find the best possible solutions. Particular attention was also paid to the integration of existing children and youth that had already taken place. In principle, since the legal change at the federal level, which entered into force on June 1, 2022, Ukrainian refugees who have obtained their bogus certificate and are therefore entitled to benefits under SGB II / XII (Hartz 4) are no longer subject to the legal obligation to housing, But rather how all the other people receiving social benefits are obligated to try to find their own place to live. Because of the tense housing market and to avoid homelessness, the Free State of Bavaria still temporarily allows accommodation in asylum centers, provided there are places available.

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