Fast and uncomplicated – this is how it should be for people from Ukraine when they arrive in Baden-Württemberg. But there is a delay in processing in the responsible offices.
At the beginning of March, the state government promised to tackle the refugee registration process quickly and easily. But many people think that it is not complicated at all. And certainly not fast. Especially when it comes to letting refugees work. To do this, they need the so-called fictitious certificate. It often takes weeks for refugees to reach Stuttgart.
There is a problem with imaginary certificates
Almost 7,000 Ukrainian refugees now live in Stuttgart. “Well, we worked really hard,” says Dorothea Koller, head of the Stuttgart regulatory office, of SWR. “We’ve been able to do all the registrations now. We are still far behind in our fantasies.” These bogus certificates are temporary residence and work permits. Without these certificates, refugees cannot earn money and work on their own.
Lack of staff and complicated procedures
The reason why the Regulatory Office is unable to keep pace is the shortage of staff. “Immigration authorities in particular do not currently hold a third of the positions,” Koehler says. The staffing shortage is also massive in other departments. This was the case even before the Ukraine war.” Some citizen offices had to be closed temporarily until there were enough staff to register refugees.
In addition, the procedures after refugee registration are more complicated than you might initially think. “One would think that it would be recorded and then it would be automatically entered into the registry and that record,” Kohler says. Further: “This is not the case at all. The data has to be generated again everywhere, which requires a lot of effort.” Additionally, there is no alphabetical or chronological system to follow. “You can have a pile and work through it.” As a result, a refugee can have the certificate a week later and someone else just eight weeks later. “All I can say is that we are working hard.”
Refugees want to work – they’re not allowed to do so
Nikita Vdovichenko is 23 years old, she is from Ukraine and also speaks German. When the war broke out, he was on vacation abroad. “Then I wanted to go to Ukraine, but my mother said: No, you don’t come here. And I don’t want to make my mother nervous.” So he came to Stuttgart to help other refugees with his knowledge of German.
He can also work here, earn his own money and take care of himself. But: “I’ve been waiting for the novel’s testimony since April 4th.” As long as he does not earn his own money, he cannot move into an apartment and pay for it himself. He has enough requests. “I was asked if I could help as a translator or interpreter. I have every chance, I can work. But unfortunately I am not allowed to do so at the moment.”
Job prospects for refugees from Ukraine in the hospitality industry?
Hartmut Sacher, regional president of the Food-Genuss-Gaststätten (NGG) consortium, sees job opportunities for refugees, particularly in the hospitality sector. “This is also an opportunity for restaurant owners and hostel owners who provide fair conditions,” Zakher said. The hotel and restaurant industry in particular is global: people from a variety of backgrounds have always worked there – including from Eastern Europe. “The industry is ideal for a side entry: from the kitchen to the service – employees without vocational training also have good opportunities here. Skilled workers are badly needed anyway – from bartenders to hotel managers,” Sacher emphasizes.