Coalition criticism: Planned improvements for war refugees create chaos in the authorities

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600,000 Ukrainian refugees would be better off from June. But the well-intentioned goal is not well prepared and is causing problems on the ground.

In many German job centers, employees are looking forward to June 1 with apprehension. Especially in areas with low unemployment, there was a lot of activity for weeks with countless overtime to prepare for the appointment. At the beginning of the month, more than 600,000 Ukrainian refugees gained new legal status in one fell swoop.

They no longer receive benefits according to the asylum laws, but like the Germans, they receive the usual benefits according to social law. For those affected, this typically results in approximately 20 percent of the benefits. For the authorities, it means a massive effort at changing responsibilities as well as increasing Social Security expenditures.

Job centers get 50 percent of overtime work in one fell swoop

In some regions of Germany, for example, job centers get up to 50 percent more customers in one fell swoop. Ukrainian refugees are automatically entitled to intensive one-to-one counseling in order to find a job. Most important to most of them is that they keep getting their money to live on time.

Instead of asylum seekers benefits, they now receive basic insurance, known as Hartz IV. But it is precisely at this point that many duty stations are fighting against being completely overcrowded. Since asylum authorities in social welfare offices in rural areas and cities are no longer responsible, all cases must be created from scratch and war refugees must fill out time-consuming applications.

Cities and municipalities complain of poor preparation

The director general of the German Association of Cities and Municipalities, Gerd Landsberg, complains that “changes to the law were prepared at the federal level without sufficient consultation with practice”. He believes that improving the situation of Ukrainian war refugees is the right approach and, in principle, welcome.

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He adds, “The current implementation envisaged brings with it many problems.” ‘The main problem is certainly that a large proportion of those who have fled Ukraine It is not fully registered ”, he criticizes. And even with the solution, there are problems, right down to the acute lack of special document forms.

The federal government cannot hand over important documents

If a final decision is not made on the right of residence for people from abroad in Germany, they will receive a special document in addition to their identity card, which in the most incomprehensible legal language is called “fiktionsbescheinigung” – to put simply, the state “fictionally” assumes that there will be a permit Staying soon. “The dummy certificate has failed to be issued because immigration authorities are currently unable to order the necessary forms from the Federal Printing Office due to a lack of paper,” says Managing Director Landsberg of the Federation of Cities and Municipalities. Color certificates are printed in a counterfeit-resistant way like an alternative paper ID card. Municipalities have been pressing for the documents for weeks without any supplies arriving.

According to Landsberg, full registration or the issuance of a bogus certificate are the basic requirements for refugees to be able to switch to the usual social benefits. In addition, the Social Code provides for a careful individual assessment, so that the municipalities are subsequently compensated by the federal government for the benefits paid. Landsberg anticipates a massive administrative effort to retrospectively examine.

“In light of the many unresolved questions, more time should have been allocated to the process and experts from the field should have been involved earlier,” says the association’s general manager. “Resentment will in turn affect the local authorities, who will have to explain why there is no,” he added. Federal government And the Prime Ministers Conference cannot be carried out smoothly and in a timely manner.”

The union warns the federal government of high health insurance contributions

The union also criticized the fact that the federal government did not solve problems that had been known for weeks in time before the deadline: “The federal government must ensure that all technical requirements are established as quickly as possible so that Ukrainian refugees can obtain basic security under the Social Security Act” , says the local political spokesman for the Confederation faction, Alexander Thromm. “It is a failure of the federal government if adequate precautions are not taken here,” the CDU politician asserts.

In addition, there is resentment in the union that the federal government does not want to pay for the threatening financial consequences of the new regulation for the health care system. “Ukrainian refugees’ access to medical and medical care in Germany is not free,” says Stefan Pelsinger, a health expert at CSU. According to him, the federal government reimburses statutory health insurers less than 40 percent of the average expected costs, 108 instead of at least 275 euros. The rest is up to the shareholders.

CSU expert Pilsinger: ‘Health cards don’t fall from the sky’

“The federal government must finally meet its financial obligations and make its contribution,” Belsinger asserts. Throwing this on the shoulders of shareholders only is unfair and ultimately fuels resentment toward refugees,” the CSU politician asserts. In a letter to SPD Federal Health Minister Karl Lauterbach, Pilsinger and fellow CDU Tino Sorge called for a solution to cover costs in order to prevent a further increase in health insurance contributions.

“That’s why the federal government now has to pass a law that on the one hand gives refugees access to medical and medical care, but on the other excludes associated increases in contributions for those with statutory health insurance,” the CSU politician asserts. “Health cards don’t just fall from the sky,” says Belsinger. “The federal government must now finally pay its share of these costs, not the community of insured shareholders.”

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