Hamburg. Even the flying experiences of foreign students from Ukraine seem at least partially different from those of fellow Ukrainian students. Unlike students with Ukrainian citizenship, dealing with them in Germany is not uniformly regulated.
The Russian war of aggression in Ukraine also forced students from other countries to flee there. Many came to Germany, 450 according to the internal authorities so far to Hamburg alone. Unlike students with Ukrainian citizenship, those from other countries do not have a general residence permit in Germany, provided that their countries of origin are considered safe.
In the Hanseatic city, the interior authorities and science agreed to give them the opportunity to continue their studies here. In addition, the red-green Senate is working at the federal level to ensure that students from third countries who have fled Ukraine are also granted a nationwide residence permit, the science body announced.
According to the authority, “students from Ukraine who do not have Ukrainian citizenship can initially obtain a fake certificate in Hamburg for a period of six months.” “They are entitled to social benefits and can work.” During the six months, they will have time to fulfill the requirements to continue their studies. This included, in particular, securing their livelihood and proving a place at the university. “Once these requirements are met, you can apply for a residence permit for study purposes.”
According to the Ministry of the Interior, these bogus certificates were issued by the Migration Office by the end of the week to 450 students who fled Ukraine without Ukrainian citizenship and came from 30 different countries.
In any case, the refugees arrived much later than the current summer semester, for which the deadline for applications was January 15 – the Russian offensive began on February 24. The application period for the winter semester 2022/23 ends in mid-July.
The University of Hamburg (UHH) offers so-called specialist classes where international students can find their way first and receive support, for example through recognition of degrees or language acquisition. “You have the opportunity to get a taste of the faculties, to attend lectures as guests, but also to establish contact with students or use sports,” said Jana Hess of the coordination center #UHHhilft at the German news agency (dpa). “Of course, this is all meant to run an app and, ideally, to find your way into the regular course of study.”
There have already been 614 enrollments for the program in the current summer semester. Of these, 200 were related to Ukraine. Of these, 75 people were Ukrainian citizens and 125 international students from Ukraine from other countries. » These are often African countries. Many people come from Ghana. Nigeria is well represented, as is Sudan. Some of them come from Morocco, Libya and Congo – they are relatively widespread.”
Hess doubts that course participants will be able to demonstrate that they meet the requirements to continue their studies in the winter semester. On the other hand, it’s because certifications – if they are available – still have to be evaluated. Because many people could not bring any certificates with them.” In such a situation, there is an opportunity in the university “to justify the reasonableness of your educational CV through a multi-stage process and, accordingly, if necessary, to find a path to the university”.
Another problem is the German language. Bachelor’s courses are offered in German only in Hamburg and only a few Master’s courses are in English. “In order to start earning a bachelor’s degree, C1 language skills must be demonstrated in German,” Hess said. “This is very difficult. I will say that it will take at least a year to reach this C1 level.”
In addition, the majority of international students who fled studied medicine in Ukraine. Entry barriers are high in this country and the number of places for international students in Hamburg is limited. “We’re moving in the under-20 range here.” So some refugees have tried to get a university place in other EU countries. Others have considered switching to medical-related courses or to apprenticeships in the health sector.
Unlike other international students who can prepare to study abroad in their home country, refugees face “much more initial problems,” Hess says. “It comes down to questions like accommodation and care. Also, escaping can be painful.” Against this background, she sees a gap between ambition and reality: “It is difficult to expect to meet the requirements to start the course within six months.”
The possibility of staying here safely for at least half a year in order to prepare to start a course of study means that international students from Ukraine are very interested in coming to Hamburg, Hess said. We also receive a large number of inquiries from people who are not yet in Hamburg. (Martin Fisher, dpa)
Hundreds of students from Russia and Ukraine at Brandenburg universities