CBD vs. THC: 5 Things You Need to Know About Both Substances

CBD is on everyone’s lips these days. The active herbal ingredient is a real magic remedy: it is said to help fight stress, tension, anxiety and even cancer. The active ingredient can now be found in a wide variety of products – CBD teas, flowers, ointments, oils, and even CBD-enriched foods promise positive effects on various processes in our bodies.

Since CBD is derived from the hemp plant, CBD is often associated with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), also known as cannabis. However, here can be found what distinguishes CBD from the sugar THC and what you need to know about both substances.

The five most important facts at a glance

Like THC, CBD is one of hundreds of phytocannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. The two active ingredients are among the most popular components that are extracted from the plant. But even if they are chemically very similar, they have very different modes of action. While THC is best known for its intoxicating effect, CBD is an active ingredient approved in Germany that is increasingly finding its way into medicine.

  1. CBD is closely related to THC, but its active ingredients Various effects.
  2. Convention on Biological Diversity He has – unlike THC – There are no psychoactive properties above and can not generate any noise.
  3. Scientific studies on the effects of CBD are still recent, However, current studies have already shown a positive effect of the substance.
  4. Convention on Biological Diversity It is located in Germany Available for free and legal.
  5. THC is illegal, since 2017, it can be used in Germany for the medical-purely curative treatment of diseases under the most stringent conditions. THC is only prescribed after serious study and research by trained doctors.

Hemp is one of the oldest cultivated plants

The cannabis plant is one of humanity’s oldest and most valuable cultivated plants, and has been prized for its health-promoting properties for thousands of years. The fields of application are very diverse, and science continues to study the effect of cannabis to this day.

THC and CBD are the two most well-known active ingredients extracted from the hemp plant. Even if they are chemically similar, they are very different in the way they work. This is because CBD binds to the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Some studies assume that CBD inhibits receptors so that THC can no longer bind effectively to them. Cannabinoid receptors in the brain have special functions in the processes of pain and inflammation.

CBD: for better well-being

In addition to CBD’s effect on cannabinoid receptors in the brain, it is also said to activate many other proteins in our body – including serotonin receptors and ion channels, which control signal transmission to our neurons by regulating calcium. As a result, CBD can have an anticonvulsant effect, which is why it can now be used as an anticonvulsant drug, for example in multiple sclerosis (napiximol) and in rare forms of epilepsy (Epidyolex). CBD should have the following characteristics, as stated by the health insurance company:

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • residence
  • Anxiolytic
  • calm down
  • Organize

Application areas: In everyday life, CBD is used primarily for relaxation and to increase well-being. Its effect is still being studied, but it has already been proven in some scientific studies. Today’s CBD research is primarily concerned with the effect of the extract on the following complaints:

  • sensation of pain
  • sleep problems
  • Stress
  • depressions
  • Neurodegenerative disorders
  • Anxiety disorders and panic attacks
  • Weaning is like nicotine
  • Negative sensory perceptions

Some studies even prove the anti-cancer effect of CBD. For example, the results of a 2018 study by the International Institute for Research on Cancer show that taking CBD regularly as a supplement to cancer treatment can help shrink tumors. The effect of CBD is continuously researched and has not been definitively demonstrated.

Intake: CBD comes in different forms. The pure, crystalline substance can be purchased along with CBD blossoms, for example, that are crushed and smoked. However, it is especially recommended to take it with oils or ointments. Oils have the advantage that they dissolve CBD well and therefore allow better absorption, since all cannabinoids are fat soluble and not water soluble.

In general, it can be assumed that CBD in the form of oils has a half-life of about 60 hours and takes effect after about one to two hours. External factors such as weight, height, or activities such as sports can influence the effect. The dose varies with the preparation and is usually increased slowly.

THC: The “big brother” of CBD

THC also acts through the cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system. They are found twice under the names “CB1” and “CB2 receptors”. They serve as “anchor points” for cannabis. The body normally produces these things on its own and actually only releases them when the neurochemistry has to keep the brain and body in balance. When THC attaches to the receptors, it affects important functions of the nervous system – it “controls” the body, is psychoactive and produces a state of intoxication.

Application areas: THC causes the body to release dopamine, among other things. This, in turn, leads to feelings of euphoria and a general sense of well-being. In severe ailments, it can have a sedative and analgesic effect. Without medical supervision, the effects of cannabis cannot be estimated in advance. While it can produce “high positive feelings,” it can also produce many negative effects. According to the Federal Center for Health Education, these include:

  • Anxiety and feelings of panic
  • confusion
  • Paranoia
  • tear film
  • exaggerated sensitivity
  • hallucinations
  • Tachycardia, nausea or dizziness
  • circulatory collapse

In the case of industrial hemp, the negative effect is again reinforced. In the worst case scenario, industrial hemp consumption can also result in death.

Intake: Cannabis is illegal. Since 2017, marijuana can be used in the purely medical-therapeutic treatment of strictly stated diseases. Therefore THC is a strict prescription and is only prescribed after serious study and examination by trained doctors.

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