More and More Nuclear Weapons – The Already Forbidden Bomb: You Need to Know It – News


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The fear of nuclear weapons has been greater since the Ukraine war than it has been in decades. In fact, they shouldn’t exist anymore. The United Nations Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons prohibits their manufacture, purchase, sale, and even further prohibition of their use. But the current development is going in the opposite direction.

What does the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons want? The treaty begins where the much older 1970 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty has failed to achieve its goals: Since the NPT’s entry into force, India, Pakistan, North Korea, and Israel have joined as nuclear powers, and Iran is on its way there. And the “old nuclear powers” are by no means disarmed. That is why the United Nations ban on nuclear weapons, which came into force a year and a half ago, sets more ambitious goals: the development, construction, storage, circulation, testing, transfer and use of nuclear weapons are prohibited. And for all countries.

1970 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty


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The history of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty dates back to the Cold War era. It prohibits any proliferation of nuclear weapons outside the group of five “old nuclear powers” the United States, Russia, China, Great Britain and France. At the same time, they pledged by contract to dismantle their existing arsenals – albeit without a deadline. Both goals are lossless.

Who supports the contract? More than 122 countries ratified the treaty at the United Nations General Assembly in 2017. It has been signed by 90 countries so far, and 62 countries have already ratified it. The Convention has the greatest support in Africa, Latin America, the small Caribbean states, the Pacific and, to some extent, Southeast Asia.

Many organizations are fighting nuclear weapons


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Caption:

Activists from ICAN Germany are protesting against the possession of nuclear weapons.

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The commitment to ban nuclear weapons leads Ican, the global campaign to eliminate nuclear weapons. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her struggle. Organizations such as the International Red Cross or Physicians Against Nuclear War also support the ban, especially since it is impossible to distinguish between attacks on soldiers and other combatants on the one hand and civilians on the other when nuclear weapons are used. This means that international humanitarian law (the Geneva Conventions) is inevitably subject to violation.

It is remarkable who has not joined the ban on nuclear weapons: all countries that possess nuclear weapons themselves. The same is true of NATO countries, as the Western alliance explicitly describes itself as a “nuclear alliance” based on US nuclear weapons.

What did the new treaty achieve? It indicates that the majority of countries reject nuclear weapons and consider them an illegal and illegal type of weapon. The agreement also reflects the majority of the world’s population opposed to nuclear weapons, even in countries with nuclear arsenals.

The hope is that the ban will lead to a political rethink between the nuclear powers and those who want to become one. The UN Convention also has practical implications for the economy. In recent years, an increasing number of investors and pension funds have committed to stop investing in companies involved in the atomic bomb industry.

Does the treaty reduce nuclear arsenals? No, not far. True, Russia and the United States, which together possess about 90 percent of all nuclear weapons, have reduced their arsenals. However, at the same time, they invest tens of billions in the modernization of their weapons. So you have fewer, but immeasurably more powerful.

All other nuclear powers are also expanding their arsenals. One can almost speak of the “return of nuclear weapons”. In addition, Russian President Vladimir Putin openly threatens to use nuclear weapons. This is fueling concern that nuclear weapons are no longer seen as a weapon that few states have but ‘never use’.

And what is Switzerland doing? It first agreed to the United Nations ban on nuclear weapons. But since then, the Federal Council has refused to sign it and begin ratification – despite parliament’s demand that Switzerland join.

Amazed by the voices of Parliament


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For GLP National Advisor Tiana Angelina Moser The Federal Council’s hesitant position is inexplicable. Also SP Council of States Daniel Justich He wonders why the Federal Council is reluctant to sign the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. “I didn’t clearly understand what the considerations were here.”

According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the ban treaty could backfire: “We fear that the ambitious new treaty, which has not been signed by the nuclear-weapon states and most major powers, will make it more difficult to work on the old treaty. And in the old decade, all the owners of nuclear weapons are there. “, Says Ritu WolinmanVice President of Arms Control.

Also FDP Council of States Andrea Carone He sees it similarly: “Part of our security is that rogue states or authoritarian regimes are not the only ones on this planet with nuclear weapons. Imagine in this day and age that Russia was the only country with nuclear weapons.”

The center changed its position due to the Ukraine war, as a member of the National Central Council Elizabeth Schneider Schneider He explains: “No NATO country has acceded to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. We must find other tools to prevent nuclear weapons in the long term.”

As a counterargument, the government says that Switzerland will no longer be an option as a mediator in matters of nuclear disarmament and, above all, that it wants to strengthen the old 1970 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. In addition, there is likely the fact that one does not want to Messing with the United States and other NATO countries, all of which have so far been on the sidelines of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

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