They should not be asylum seekers – this is a fact since Nancy Wieser implemented and implemented the EU Mass Flow Line in Germany. Refugees from Ukraine should not fill out onerous asylum applications and wait months for approval. According to the recent statement of the chancellor from Kyiv (“Ukraine is part of the European family”), Germany must receive its European brethren in a quick and uncomplicated manner.
It is now known that the current Minister of the Interior of the Social Democratic Party does not believe in the systematic and complete registration of refugees. But why is this? Would the registration by the Federal Police at the border be too shocking for “refugees”? Not at all, many of them are still desperately looking for the opportunity to sign up for an official guide at the main train station in Berlin. In any case, the lack of registration, about which the Federal Police officers complain, means that no one knows how many Ukrainians have already come to the country. About 850,000 have now been voluntarily registered.
Proponents of moral superiority will now reply that the exact number does not matter, one has to help anyway. But who helps? Despite this, it was the German municipalities that did not find out for a long time how many Ukrainians displaced by the Russian war of aggression they had to assimilate. And not because their escape was so chaotic—no, the lack of information was (and still is) based on a state deficit, created by the Home Office that would rather get rid of border controls and limit people entering the country than act. It is as if the ministry worked consciously to create an exceptional, even small, limited emergency.
Official chaos with an announcement by the Ministry of the Interior
In the meantime, another chaos factor has been added. Cities, communities and regions still do not know how they will finance the help and support of Ukrainians in the coming months. This is evidenced by exemplary figures from the state of Baden-Württemberg, where there are financial requirements of 1.5 billion euros for the current year only – borne by the federal, state and local governments.
At the cradle of this problem is the “change of status” scheduled above for Ukrainian refugees, who were initially treated as asylum seekers, but not since 1 June. The German Cities and Municipalities Association warned early on of the upcoming chaos among the authorities. It was decided to change the situation “without adequate consultation with practice”. Spaceship Berlin is about to land again – air pockets and bumpy landing strips are guaranteed.
Impressive detail: Until recently, local duty stations did not have enough anti-counterfeiting documents of a certain type, the so-called “mock certificate”, which incompletely registered refugees need to move to normal basic safety. Another “federal fantasy” could end up with a lot of chaos – the imagination of the worker imported from Ukraine. It is claimed that the pistons of the Bundes Drokery have already been accelerated.
The additional financial requirements imposed by municipalities as a result of Ukrainians exiting the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act alone is estimated at €720 million for the southwestern country – nearly three times what the state will receive a one-time federal subsidy this year (260 million). It is said that the costs of accommodation in the regions of Baden-Württemberg alone lead to a shortfall of 161 million euros in municipal coffers. Money spent without any certainty of its benefits – that’s how it is when you offer help.
The real chaos was not long. The mountain of applications in recruitment agencies is growing, especially in the big cities. Specifically, according to the Der Westen portal, Ukrainians now receive about 80 euros more, which means that instead of 367 euros as the standard rate according to the Asylum Seekers Benefits Act, they now get 449 euros thanks to Hartz IV. For children, it is 28 to 50 euros per month, depending on age. In NRW, there’s talk of 10 percent more “one-off” recipients, in other places it should look the same. There are also housing allowances and other subsidies.
How does the federal government now get out of trouble?
The leading intelligence behind this organization may remain open. All this can have one good thing: the responsibility lies with the municipalities, which often see immigration as a business of self-reorganization. In 2015/2016 the federal government paid the communities a lump sum of €670 per month and the refugees. The death of cities like Goslar may lead people to believe that with asylum seekers being fed by the federal government, life and economic power will return to their centers.
There is no fixed price subsidy for Ukrainian refugees today. The federal government still covers 70 percent of accommodation costs, but rural areas have to bear the rest. In addition, there is aid for integration, help with care costs and youth care, which municipalities have to co-finance, according to Tübingen District Director Joachim Walter (CDU) in an interview with FAZ.
It is no longer only the federal and state governments that are affected, but also the budget of every city and municipality in which refugees from Ukraine have been received. The problem penetrates to the bottom of society. This is what sets the current migration crisis apart from its predecessors, and this year’s one-time federal support of €2 billion is more than a drop in the ocean – mainly because the 16 countries have to share that sum. By the way, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, which will soon be black and green, will receive 430 million euros from the federal government this year on this, with the provinces and municipalities clinging more than the state of Baden-Württemberg.
Berlin expects 60,000 new Hartz IV recipients
So it will not be enough for provinces and municipalities, neither in BaWü nor in NRW or anywhere else. With mathematical certainty, this will result in new grants to be paid this year. Other additional payments for the pool or school renovations and the like can be portrayed as clowns, through which the federal government and municipalities can cheat their way out of trouble again.
Otherwise, the new costs incurred will leave gaps in local government budgets that did not exist before. Of course, municipalities still have the option of imposing further restrictions on themselves. The citizens at the base are already used to it. All this is inconvenient for societies. The director of the Tübingen region is calling for a “new per capita fee” for schools, day care centers and integration, to be paid, of course, by the federal government.
Meanwhile, just over a hundred Ukrainians are said to have found work in Berlin. In turn, the happy federal capital of immigration expects 60,000 Ukrainian ALG-II students, according to the state radio RBB. The language lessons don’t seem to be very well received. At the end of May, only 80,000 Ukrainians wanted to complete the integration course, and there were already 17,000 people there, we hope the world will notice. BaMF employees are excited about the educated “Ilan”. However, less than 10 percent of all Ukrainians who arrived in Germany. Many Ukrainian women will consider returning to their home country (and to their husbands), not job opportunities and language courses in the host country.
But even if they wanted to, those mothers who make up the majority of Ukrainian refugees find it hard to wrest themselves away from their children without school or daycare places. It was in short supply even before February 24th. Municipalities are now experiencing years of cost burdens due to the necessary expansion of educational institutions. The need has been there for a long time.
Frontex: A third of Ukrainian refugees are not Ukrainian?
All this is due to the mass influx of Ukrainian war refugees that began in Berlin, which in no way can be treated by the proven means of the German state. Instead, they must be confronted with newly created, somewhat transformative, instruments of a new immigration state, the General Federal Republic of Germany.
Now two groups can take advantage of it, the real Ukrainians and those others who tried to draw it in Ukrainian. And this is not surprising: it is still not possible to say with certainty what is the relationship between the two types of Ukrainian refugees in Germany. Depending on the source, the proportion of non-Ukrainians varies between 1.6 percent (Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, with recourse to the Central Register of Aliens, i.e. Ukrainian refugees registered as such in Germany) and 25 to 36 percent, according to a Frontex report prepared at the beginning of June, Which is actually talking about 1.8 million non-Ukrainians who were expelled from Ukraine during the war and took refuge in the European Union.
As a proportion of the 4.9 million Ukrainian refugees remaining in the EU today, more than a third (!) will be non-Ukrainians. When asked by TE, Frontex was unable to say how many of these “fake Ukrainians” are in EU countries. So are these estimates of controls carried out jointly with national border guards on the affected external borders? You have to accept it. If you assume that there are now 850,000 Ukrainian refugees in Germany, perhaps 12,000 or 15,000 of them will not be third-country nationals, but soon 300,000. According to the Federal Police, 88 percent of the “identified war refugees” were able to identify themselves with a passport Biometric travel, as it is generally used in Ukraine.
Germany is the final host country?
So maybe 300,000 is too high, but it could become a reality. Because Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania were undoubtedly in the front row when I started the journey from Ukraine. Small Moldova has also taken in a large number of refugees: 64,000 according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, and nearly France (70,000). On the other hand, Germany clearly placed itself in the second row, but by no means lags behind. Local labor market planners preyed on socially educated Ukrainians – in the hope that some of them would stay in Germany. Labor Minister Hubertus Hill (also SPD), according to Welt, wanted “to employ as many Ukrainians as possible here”. Focusing on “here”.
In fact, it seems that the Ukrainians are not only returning to their ancient homeland. It is also Germany relieving pressure on Poland and other neighboring countries. As Bayerischer Rundfunk reports, many trains are delayed at the Czech border because the routes are currently very popular with the influx of new Ukrainian refugees into Germany. https://www.br.de/nachrichten/bayern/zuege-prag-muenchen-verstaetungen-wegen- Grenzkontrollen-ukrainer, T8eGnH4 The number of refugees linked to Ukraine included in the Central Register of Aliens is steadily increasing.
However, some things can be learned from the relatively short history of flight from Ukraine. First, most Germans are well aware that a Ukrainian can fit into their country more easily than a black African. The FAZ He notes that landlords are more likely to rent an apartment to a Ukrainian than to an immigrant from the Arab world because “the cultural gap is not great”.
In addition, there are serious hopes that the local shortage of skilled workers can be covered with the help of Ukrainians. Urgently needed nurses are one of the regulated professions – just for example – in which not even a Ukrainian with a “mock certificate” can necessarily work. Especially in Bavaria, he now needs a mandatory technical language test, that is, a relatively good knowledge of German. Nothing could make more sense, but also nothing more demanding than a war refugee from Ukraine who had no prior knowledge of German.