Who may donate blood and who may not? You must know this for blood donation day

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On Blood Donor Day 2022, organizations are calling on people to donate blood or blood plasma. Stocks are low. Who is entitled to donate – and who is not allowed?

Important – June 14 is the official World Blood Donor Day 2022. The Federal Center for Health Education invites people to donate blood or blood plasma. Because: Precious red juice is currently in urgent need.

According to the German Red Cross (DRK), about 14,000 blood donations are needed per day in Germany for surgeries, accident victims and treatment of serious diseases such as cancer. According to the Human Rights Department, it was difficult to cover the normal need for blood supplies, especially during the Corona crisis. The warm summer months usually bring with them a traditional dry period for blood donation services.

“We are in a critical situation right now because we are in dire need of blood in clinics,” a spokesman for the blood donation services of the German Red Cross, Patrick Noh, said shortly before the blood donation day on June 14. 2022. “So for those who have not donated blood before, now would be an ideal time to do so,” said the spokesperson. What you want to know about this.

Blood Donation Day 2022: Who is entitled to donate blood and who is not? All important information

In principle, anyone between the ages of 18 and 68 can donate blood. The maximum age for the first donation is 60 years. Older people may also be considered for this if their health condition permits. This is checked before each donation.

On its website, DRK has created a checklist of 21 questions on the question “Can I donate blood?”. For example, you will be asked whether you have ever had a serious or chronic illness, whether you injected or ingested snuff, whether you were diagnosed with malaria, or had an uncomplicated infection without fever in the week prior to donating blood.

In addition to people with severe chronic and active diseases, men who have sex with other men were also excluded from donating blood for a long time. Because sex between men is particularly associated with a high risk of transmission of various infections such as HIV. The following now applies: For men who have sex with men “who have been in an exclusive sexual partnership for at least 4 months, there is no increased risk of infection,” according to the Robert Koch Institute website. As a result, they can now donate blood “without delay”.

People with corona, cold or other diseases should wait before donating blood

Anyone with Covid-19 can donate blood only two weeks after recovery. People with cold symptoms are generally not allowed to donate blood. During pregnancy and after childbirth, women should not donate blood temporarily. The temporary exception also applies after many vaccinations and trips abroad to malaria regions or countries at high risk of hepatitis. It is not possible to donate temporarily after major surgeries or when taking certain medications.

After acupuncture treatments, unless it can be shown that they were performed aseptically, as well as piercings and tattoos, you should wait at least four months before the next donation in order to rule out infection with certainty.

Blood Donation Day: Who is entitled to donate blood and who is not? What you need to know © Martin Schutt / dpa

People with certain pre-existing diseases such as insulin-dependent diabetes, hepatitis or chronic inflammatory diseases may be excluded from donating blood.

Donating blood: basic requirements

  • It is permissible for a woman to donate whole blood four times a year and a man six times a year;
  • There must be at least eight weeks between two complete blood donations;
  • People from 18 to 68 years old are allowed to donate blood – the maximum first donation is 60 years old;
  • People weighing at least 50 kg can donate blood.

Why are women less likely to donate blood than men?

Although the human body replenishes blood cells within two weeks, it takes about two months to make up for the iron loss – a little longer for women. Donating blood can help up to three seriously ill or injured people. However, blood preparations only last for a maximum of 42 days, and some only last for a few days.

Is donating blood more dangerous in the summer?

In fact, there is no basis to worry about circulatory problems or dizziness, because high air temperatures and blood loss lead to low blood pressure. There is actually a slightly increased risk of this, according to the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA).

But a blood donor can prepare for this – for example by drinking a lot. Ideally, three liters of liquid should be consumed. A few hours before your appointment, BZgA also recommends eating enough carbohydrate-rich meals such as rice or pasta. On the day of blood donation, you should refrain from exercise and other physical activities and quickly compensate for fluid loss after donating blood.

First blood donation in Germany in 70 years: the newly founded blood donation service DRK North Rhine-Westphalia organized its first blood donation appointment in Gelsenkirchen (North Rhine-Westphalia) on February 29.

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