After a stroke: limitations, treatments, and help

  • What is happening after stroke?
  • Where can you find the affected Advice and help?
  • How do you react like relatively Or a friend?
  • what can Ocean an act?

Life is usually very different after a stroke, than it was before. Depending on how strong the restrictions and consequences are, they can turn your entire life upside down. how could you Help as a family member or friend or support? What are the individual steps after a stroke?

What happens after a stroke?

In general, the following also applies here: the earlier care is provided, the greater the chance of reducing potential consequences. Because every stroke is an emergency. In order to stabilize and improve the serious, life-threatening condition, a intensive care The show is happening. Circulation and metabolism must remain stable, so heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, breathing, blood sugar, and kidney function are monitored. In specific terms, this means: one is reminded of diversity Monitoring devices Connected, which takes measurements constantly and is monitored by employees. If a blood clot is found in the cerebral artery, it must be resolved as soon as possible. This can be done by injection, in which case treatment should begin within 4.5 hours of the onset of symptoms. Before doing this, it must be ensured that there is no cerebral hemorrhage. Another option is an angioplasty procedure, in which a catheter is inserted into the blocked artery and medication is injected undiluted. Newer methods of clot removal with special tools. he is brain hemorrhage The reason, the surrounding nervous tissue is damaged due to the extra blood volume. Surgery is usually necessary to remove the excess blood and seal the tear in the artery.

Once the life-threatening situation has been avoided, planning for subsequent rehabilitation measures begins. After a stroke, no matter how severe it is, the affected areas of the brain remain permanently damaged. The Effects It can be different. Often the result is paralysis, movement disorders, speech disorders or memory loss.

However, under certain conditions, other areas of the brain can take over the function of the damaged areas and the lost skills can be partially restored. But this requires extensive training with specially trained therapists. It is important here that the person concerned cooperates actively. Usually, such procedures begin in a rehabilitation clinic. The same applies here: the earlier you start, the higher the chances of your condition improving. But I say it right away: this path is difficult. This training can take months or years. but the Rehabilitation It is an essential part of treatment.

What happens in rehabilitation?

Usually one is the first Fixed Rehabilitation is done. Generally, it is initially approved by the payer for a period of three weeks, but can be extended upon request if the treating physicians agree. A distinction must be made between neurorehabilitation and the elderly. Rehabilitation of the elderly is usually recommended when the state of health is very poor and/or there have been pre-existing illnesses.

Book tip: Stroke – Together we come back to life: For relatives and friends – watch here

In neurorehabilitation, stroke patients usually receive more treatment units, It is divided into several stages. This already includes

in the hospital. It follows

With a medical and therapeutic focus, as well as invigorating and stimulating care. After the initial examination, treatment goals are determined and a plan is developed. The plan usually consists of:

  • physical therapy,
  • practice therapy,
  • speech therapy,
  • Diet tips and
  • Neuropsychology

In the next stage, advanced

Work is underway to ensure that those affected receive more independence earns. The goal is to restore or replace lost functionality. Example: If the right hand no longer has normal motor skills, the left hand is trained to do more tasks. Other targets are based on German pension insurance requirements. Existing disabilities must be reduced in order to give to those affected

to allow. This should be possible in the next stage. The final stage is intended for all those who, despite extensive treatment and rehabilitation, have a persistent and high need for care, such as comatose patients.

In mild cases or after inpatient rehabilitation, outpatient rehabilitation may be an option. This happens in rehabilitation facilities or appropriate practices Allow instead of. Individual treatments are carried out here in order to achieve pre-established goals or to avoid exacerbation of certain functional deficiencies.

What does stroke mean to family and friends?

Because in one fell swoop everything is different. People’s lives don’t change just after a stroke. A lot may also change for families. But how can you help or support? And where do you find a relative help? At worst, the person in question needs care and needs care. It is important to collect information as soon as possible. But this is without professional help jungle paragraph From the health care system is hardly possible. It is important to answer questions that affect the entire living environment. Does the relative deserve a care degree and a disability card? Is it possible to take a career break on your own? Do you have to make any alterations to the apartment or house and where does the money come from? Where do I find a good nursing service? over here Counseling centers Cities, communities or welfare organizations are the first points of contact. You may also get support from self-help groups in social networks where experiences are shared. The most important thing is: never let them get rid of you! Requests are often rejected on the first try. The conditions of the living environment are often checked by medical personnel. Often, out of false shame, shortcomings or weaknesses are not presented as they really are. This may lead to incorrect evaluation of employees. When in doubt, it makes sense to file an objection to the decision or to Counsel his job. But one thing can be said for sure: it will take some time to get everything approved. This could definitely drain one’s strength.

According to the Hans Böckler Foundation, relatives spend up to 50 hours a week caring for them. Depending on the degree of restriction, this can be more. This is an enormous burden on the caregiver. over here time out Freedom is important. Everyone has to decide for themselves what these things will look like. A visit to the cinema may be enough for some, others prefer a night out or exercise. An occasional short trip can also be beneficial, but for this the symptom must be clarified, perhaps by short-term care.

It’s perfectly legitimate and not reprehensible to admit when you’re no longer strong enough. Especially if no progress has been made. It is important here to admit it to yourself and ask for help. The form of this must be determined on a case-by-case basis. Many are ashamed because they think they have let down those affected. However, one consideration here should not be ignored: due to the burden of care, work and possibly children, there is a risk that Burnt Or even have a stroke. The only thing that helps is taking countermeasures early enough.

Self-treatment and support from friends

The rehabilitation process is over, and the injured person returns home. But there is still impotence. These can affect the musculoskeletal system, sensory or motor skills, or be in the mental region, eg the ability to remember can be reduced. Language deficiencies are often noticeable. First of all, it should be clear to the person concerned, but also to those around him, that the work is not yet over when the rehabilitation is over. It is important here that the person concerned actively participates. However, this often requires strength Stimulate, which must also occur from the outside. It is frustrating for a person who often has difficulties finding words, for example, when he cannot find a word. Or when the hand doesn’t do what it’s supposed to do. Only practice and patience will help here. This is where everyone can help. It is often the simple things that provide support and also show long-term success:

  • scribble: Putting words and asking for synonyms. You do not have to buy an expensive game for this, self-written cards are enough.
  • memoryGames: start with a few cards at first, and increase them slowly. This helps increase memory again. Often a few minutes are enough here, spread out again and again throughout the day. So it is not too daunting for those affected and success starts slowly.
  • mystery Laying: Start with simple decorations and relatively few parts. Then increase slowly. Over time, memory (where is which part is, and where it goes) improves, but also hand-eye coordination. Instead, paint by numbers.
  • Crossword: Start with a light one, then increase. Increases focus and word search. Later maybe a sudoku or a logic trainer.
  • balance exercisesR: Draw a chalk line in the walk and have them balance it. But also help.
  • demand and promotion: No matter what you do, it is important to support the person or people affected, but also to challenge them. Increase the tasks slowly, taking your time.
  • walking stairs: Count the steps and dial the number.
  • Involve physiotherapists: This can give valuable tips to help with hand movement disorder, for example making figures out of plasticine, etc.

There are nearly endless possibilities for assistance and support here.

However, there will always be days that show a step back. there is the Frustration potential For the affected, but also for the helpers, often the elderly. Sometimes a break or a different approach helps. Also, the options shown are not transferable to everyone. The only thing that helps is try, test, and ask. A stroke changes the lives of everyone who deals with it directly or indirectly. In this case, life is reorganized according to those affected. And every success, no matter how small, is a step forward towards a new normal.

notice: Suggested options for self-treatment are based on the author’s personal experiences and do not claim to be complete, nor are they based on medical or natural remedies.

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