berlin (dpa/tmn) – When false or unwanted information, private or offensive photos appear on the Internet, good advice is expensive at first. How do I deal with this? What options are available to remove or delete information, photos or videos of oneself from the Internet?
Attorney Jonas Jacobsen, an expert in IT and intellectual property law, explains: “No one is allowed to post pictures of me without my consent. Anyone who does this is violating my right to their own image, which is a private form of public personal right.” This is regulated in the Artistic Copyright Act (KUG), which expressly prohibits the publication of images of other people by third parties.
“But you have to differentiate between publishing and production,” Jacobsen says. “Approval is only needed for distribution or public viewing – not for the production itself.” There are, however, exceptions to this rule. For example, if you are photographed as part of a group of people at a demonstration – this photo can also be posted without consent.
In individual cases that are not entirely clear – for example, if I can only be seen in the background of a photo but still clearly identifiable – then they must be assessed individually: “The protective field of personal rights is unlimited. It can be in favor of fundamental rights For others, such as freedom of the press and freedom of expression,” the lawyer explains.
Prevention is the best protection
Legal or not – it is not possible to prevent unwanted images or information from accessing the Internet with absolute certainty, according to Rebekka Weiß of the IT Industry Association Bitkom: “In the end, everything you have shared with third parties or accessed through access is through Unauthorized access to my devices was finding its way into the Internet.” What you can do yourself is not to create certain materials in the first place – nude photos, for example.
Dr. says. Michael Lietger, Director General of the German Secure Internet Initiative (DsiN). For example, an entire Instagram profile can be set to private or, alternatively, individual stories can be made visible to a specific group of people. “This way you can prevent the misuse of photos you upload of yourself by strangers,” Littger says.
If you want to see what photos and information about you are circulating on the Internet, you can run your name through search engines or set up an alarm directly with them, which notifies you of new search results by email, Lightger explains. . A similar approach also leads to good results in social networks. Most of the time, the quickest way to learn about embarrassing photos is through friends and family you connect with on social media.
Erase and let it erase
This really happened: I found an embarrassing picture of myself on the Internet and I want it to go away ASAP. What do I do? “First go to the responsible person and ask them to delete the photo or change the post,” says Littger. Most of the time, unwanted images are uploaded to social media without thinking and without bad intentions.
Attorney Jonas Jacobsen explains that it is also important not only to request deletion, but also not to re-upload content. To do this, those affected must warn the operator of the website or platform and, if necessary, the uploader.
Jacobsen explains that when it comes to content on platforms like Instagram and Facebook, it always makes sense and it’s also legally necessary to connect to the platform directly. As a rule, they are not responsible for breaking the law unless they are aware of it.
Remove tags on social networks
On Facebook and Instagram, you can use the reporting function. If someone else tags you in a photo, you can also remove it yourself. Under “Profile settings” and “Verify posts and tags”, you can also set those tags on other users’ photos not being added to your profile without consent.
However, it is often not enough to delete unwanted photos that were uploaded in them for the first time. This can have various reasons: perhaps the photo has been republished on other sites or uploaded to a private blog and the operator refuses to delete it.
In this case, you can ask search engines to delete search results, Rebekka Weiß explains. This is very effective – even if the post itself is not deleted: “If a post does not appear on Google & Co., it is very difficult to find it on the network.” In addition, the individual has the right to informative self-determination, says Jacobsen. Google and Bing offer their own forms for these deletion requests.
© dpa-infocom, dpa: 220531-99-497376 / 2