Climate, Energy, Health and Environment: G7 Academies of Sciences Call for Policy Action – Wikipedia

The G7 academies of science are “urgently” calling for international measures to protect the oceans and polar regions and comprehensive climate protection. In the health sector, scientists are calling for better global pandemic preparedness and for human, animal and plant health and the environment to be seen as inextricably linked.

The recommendations are contained in four statements presented to the federal government on Tuesday at the “7 Science Dialogue Forum 2022” in Berlin.

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Decarbonizing the economy

“With our recommendations, we are addressing key summit issues that require immediate international action,” Gerald Haug, president of the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, said when the four statements were handed over to the head of the Federal Chancellery, Wolfgang Schmidt.

The recommendations developed by the G7 Academies of Sciences under the auspices of Leopoldina will be incorporated into the deliberations of Heads of State and Government in June for the G7 Summit in Schloss Elmau in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

The world’s oceans and areas of ice and snow on Earth known as the cryosphere are changing faster than ever before as a result of global warming. In light of “massive developments” in the Antarctic and Arctic as well as in the oceans, the G7 Academies of Sciences are calling for significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, global protection of marine ecosystems, and further intensification of international scientific cooperation for an Earth observation and forecasting system.

The goal announced by many countries to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 requires decarbonizing electricity, heat generation, traffic, transportation, industry and agriculture. To this end, the G7 Academies of Sciences recommends building a carbon-neutral and stable power system. In order to be able to shape the energy transition equitably, an international trading regime for renewable energies and pricing of CO2 emissions must be introduced.

Improving pandemic preparedness and cooperation

International cooperation in epidemic preparedness must also be improved. Leopoldina said the coronavirus pandemic has shown that the world is not adequately prepared for pandemics. New, specific and effective antiviral drugs must be developed “urgently” on a large scale. The Academies of Science advocate long-term funding for drug research and international coordination of clinical studies.

The destruction of ecosystems helps the emergence of new diseases that are transmitted from animals to humans. Another problem that has been mentioned is the increase in bacterial pathogens that are resistant to drugs such as antibiotics. The scientific academies recommend considering human, animal and plant health, and the environment in a “One Health Approach” and promoting research with a focus on One Health.

The Academies of Sciences have accompanied the annual summit meetings of the G7 countries for more than fifteen years. In the run-up to the Summit, they deal with science-related and agenda-related issues that need to be addressed multilaterally. As part of this year’s G7 presidency, Leopoldina has been tasked by the federal government with taking the lead on “Operation Science7”.

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