History – BGH wants comprehensive examination of anti-Jewish church relief – Wikipedia

Karlsruhe (dpa) – The Federal Court of Justice (BGH) is considering whether to remove an offensive plastic substance called “Gudensau” in the church of the town of Wittenberg in Saxony-Anhalt.

Looking at it apart from that satisfaction, Judge Stefan Setters said in Karlsruhe on Monday, “anti-Semitism is in stone.” However, the anti-Jewish sandstone inscription from the thirteenth century has now been supplemented by a base plate and easel, intended to classify the depiction. Before making a decision in the coming weeks, the Sixth Civilian Senate wants to study the issue thoroughly. The sixth Senate wants to announce its decision on June 14. (Ref. VI ZR 172/20)

City Diocese: “A Challenging Legacy, But Contemporary History”

The inscription shows a pig whose nipples are sucked out by two people who are supposed to be identified as Jews by their pointed hats. According to BGH, someone who is considered a rabbi raises a pig’s tail and looks into its anus. In the Jewish faith, pigs are considered unclean. The town’s parish describes Wittenberger Sau as “a difficult legacy, but also a document of contemporary history.”

Prosecutor Dietrich Dollmann, who says he converted to Judaism in 1978 and has called himself Michael since then, wants the statue removed from the church. He sees Gudensau as just one example of the church’s many misconduct in dealing with the Jews and found clear words on the sidelines of the negotiations: “The Church made the German people capable of annihilation.” In particular, Dollman describes the reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546), who once preached in the same church in Wittenberg, as “principally anti-Semitic.”

In the 1980s the city’s church community, in consultation with the Jewish community, dealt with the relief and made it part of the memorial, their attorney Brunhild Ackermann argued. The form in which the historical context is indicated is not a matter for the plaintiff nor for the court.

Düllmann’s BGH attorney Christian Rohnke saw it differently. In his view, the data on the interpretation board is not enough. He said the church bears no responsibility. It has also been said that the depiction of a boar has been an “induction sculpture” since 1290 – and not just because people think of it differently today.

General questions about dealing with contemporary history

On the other hand, Ackermann listed a number of examples, such as the depiction of blacks or the treatment of women, which are no longer recent from today’s perspective and may subsequently have to be removed from books and films. She added that such monuments should not be “sacrificed to the zeitgeist” in the spirit of democracy. How were children supposed to learn about discrimination against Jews in school if there was nothing else to see about it?

The explanatory plaque on the church says that abusive statues of this type were especially prevalent in the Middle Ages. “There are still about fifty such sculptures.” The Central Council of Jews has no reliable information on the total number of such fees. There is nothing known out there about the other legal controversies that could be based on the BGH ruling.

The plaintiff Düllmann had previously failed before the Dessau-Roßlau District Court and Naumburg Higher Regional Court (OLG). The 79-year-old said after the BGH hearing that everything else would surprise him now. Then he goes to the Federal Constitutional Court, where it is not about civil law questions about humiliation and neglect, but about basic law and human dignity. Last but not least, he can go to the European Court of Human Rights.

Schuster asks for a painting with a historical rating

The head of the Central Council, Joseph Schuster, had requested a plaque after the OLG decision that “clearly explains the arbitrary relief and places it in historical context”. He now explained to the German news agency that the church must express a clear ordination and condemnation. This was not yet clear.

“The Church’s anti-Jewish history cannot be undone,” Schuster said. A whiteboard is better than removing the offending plastic and then denying it. According to the Central Council, there are successful examples in Regensburg Cathedral and the Collegiate Church of the Knights of St. Peter in Bad Wimpfen near Heilbronn.

Christian Staffa, Commissioner of Anti-Semitism at the Evangelical Church of Germany, explained that “the long history of anti-Jewish and Christian anti-Semitism, which has been scandalously intensified in this relief, cannot be explained by legal means”. Instead, “ecclesiastical testimonies of anti-Jewish attitudes and practices” should be appropriate to break away from all forms of anti-Semitism.

© dpa-infocom, dpa: 220530-99-481759 / 4

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