Charging Electronic Cars at Work: You Have to Know It!

Admittedly, the home office has thrived since the Corona pandemic. But there are still a lot of people who drive to work. Even with an e-car, because the vast majority of passenger routes can be easily covered by the ranges common today.

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Upon arriving at the workplace, the mobility scooter will usually sit for eight hours. So time and opportunity to download. Especially since many electronic car owners are looking for a practical charging option because they do not have a wall box at home and the nearest public charging point is far away or always busy.

What does shipping at work do to the environment?

So charging at work makes sense. Also for environmental reasons, as shown by a study conducted by the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technologies on behalf of NABU. She examined the effect of charging conditions in rural areas and found that charging around midday (when the e-car is usually at work) has a significant CO2 saving potential. Because: At this time, the proportion of renewable energy from wind and sun in the power grid is greater. In addition, electricity can be more easily used directly from photovoltaic systems on company premises.

But how does charging work at work? What do employees and employers need to know? Here are answers to the most important questions about electric vehicle charging at work.

For whom are fees at work reasonable?

A company’s electric and plug-in hybrid vehicle charging facility can be beneficial to both employees and employers. Those who drive can commute to work with a clear conscience and solve a nagging problem: searching for a charging link. In addition, the electricity used is usually not free, but it is reasonably cheap.

Charging an electric car (2021): test – charging time – battery – info

How to properly charge an electric car?

On the other hand, companies can save money with more electric company cars or even an entire electric fleet given the electricity purchase premiums and the terrible fuel prices. In addition, they can grow their image – keyword sustainability – and possibly hire specially qualified employees. If they also offer their charging stations for public use, they may be partially refinanced.

What can workers do to charge at work?

Employees have no legal right to be charged at work, even if they drive a private electric vehicle. Instead, they should talk to colleagues, show interest and then make offers to the boss or manager. Since it is likely that not every e-car is charged daily, one or a few charging points for several vehicles may be sufficient.

How should employers proceed?

First of all, needs, i.e., interests of the workforce also need to be clarified. Of course, the spatial conditions must also be correct. If the implementation is not managed in-house, there are many commercial freight solution providers, such as Park here or Mobility House, where charging stations can be purchased or rented. They usually provide ready-made concepts and take care of construction, operation, maintenance and billing. They can also help deliver the greenhouse gas quota. In general, charging solutions that can be expanded as much as possible should be used.

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Unlike special wall boxes, charging points are still promoted in companies. KfW Bank offers non-public subsidies of up to €900 (for “Grant 441”). There are also local, state-level financing programs for companies and municipalities.
If charging points are publicly available, the company can still take advantage of the financing program “Electric vehicle charging infrastructure in Germany accessible to the public” until the end of 2025. There is a 60 percent subsidy for regular charging points (AC and DC; up to Maximum 2,500 euros per charging point), fast charging points (exclusively DC) with a charging capacity of 22 to 100 kW, a maximum of 10,000 euros per charging point) and fast charging points (exclusively DC) with a charging capacity of 100 kW and above, max. 20,000 euros per charging point).

What kind of charging station should it be?

Wall box or charging station? this is the question. The purchase cost ranges from 500 to 5000 euros. As a rule, only charging stations are suitable for outdoor use, and a wall box may suffice in the garage. In any case, it should have intelligent charging management so that electricity can be distributed evenly and safely to several charging points.
Mazda MX-30 Hyundai Kona at the charging station

In garages, wall boxes are often enough to charge employee vehicles.

The charging capacity must also be considered. If only stationary personnel vehicles are charged, alternating current (AC) charging stations are sufficient. If you have a fleet of company cars that are used a lot, alternating current (DC) should be used for faster charging.

How much does electricity cost when charging at work?

Companies can provide charging current to their employees for free, at a reduced rate, or at a regular cost. Free electricity is the most complex, the charging station does not have to comply with the calibration law and sales tax does not apply. If charged, the amount of electricity supplied to the e-vehicle must be accurately recorded and billed using internal transmitters. It is also possible to pay a monthly fee.

How are bills made?

Companies can either deduct payments from the monthly wages or salaries of their employees, or they can issue separate invoices. With contract-based shipping, shipments are simply initiated with the charge card and invoiced at the desired tariff. Direct payment works with a debit/credit card that supports NFC technology.

What are the tax benefits of business litigation?

Unlike receiving petrol vouchers, for example, charging electric or hybrid cars for free or at a reduced rate at the employer’s company is tax-exempt according to Section 3 No. 46 EStG (if the employer grants the service additionally to wages). This applies to private and corporate cars – and by the way also to the financial advantage of providing a charging device for the company, that is, if the wall box in the house belongs to the business owner. The gift charging station is taxed at 25 percent and free of Social Security contributions. In the case of a subsidy, the flat rate tax of 25 percent of the benefit in kind is also applied.

If an employee pays money out of their own pocket to charge an electric company car, the tax office allows reimbursement of expenses at a flat rate. Without a charging device available in the workplace, the tax-free monthly fixed price until the end of 2030 is €70 for an electric vehicle and €35 ​​for an electric hybrid. With the option to charge at the workplace it’s 30€ or 15€ per month. However, the employer can also reimburse the actual costs as tax-exempt compensation for the expenses (Section 3 #50 EStG) instead of using the flat rate if the employee is able to substantiate the costs through receipts.

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