At first glance, an e-scooter looks like a regular scooter with a handlebar or handlebar, but it has an electric motor. It can drive at a maximum speed of 20 km / h. Usually one battery charge is enough for a distance of 15-30 kilometers.
Anyone who is at least 14 years old. You do not need a driver’s licence.
No, helmets are not required. But you are safer with a helmet.
Several companies operate rental systems in northern German cities such as Hamburg, Hanover, Kiel, Rostock, Braunschweig, Göttingen and Osnabrück. In most cases, these work according to the free-float principle: book and rent a scooter via the app, and put it on the side of the road after the ride. Depending on the service provider, costs range from 15 to 25 cents per rental minute.
If there is a bike path or bike path, then e-scooters must drive on it. In the absence of either, e-scooters share the road with cars and motorcycles. Pavement taboo.
With the Deutsche Bahn, foldable e-scooters can be transported free of charge on all long-distance trains because they can be stored under the seat or in the luggage rack. Motorcycles are also allowed to travel on Hamburger Verkehrsverbund (HVV) buses and trains – but again only if they are collapsible. Other than that, there are closing times, as with bikes, on weekdays between 6am and 9am and between 4pm and 6pm.
If you don’t want to rent a scooter but want to buy one, you should make sure the model has a General Operating Authorization (ABE) from the Federal Motor Transport Authority. This ensures that it complies with all official regulations. For approval, the e-scooter also needs independent brakes, lighting and a bell.
Yes, e-scooters need liability insurance. Unlike foot pedals, where the electric motor only supports muscle power, they are considered motor vehicles and cannot be insured under a personal liability policy. Scooters are treated like scooters or motorbikes. You will also need a sticker, which is basically a small license plate that you stick on. In the event of theft, according to the insurance industry, home contents insurance does not apply, but separate comprehensive insurance.
Many insurance companies offer liability tariffs on e-scooters at around 30 to 60 euros per year. Comprehensive insurance partially covers theft. Some companies also offer discounts for drivers over the age of 23 for both types of insurance.
E-scooters accidents are becoming more and more common with the increase in use. In 2020, the police recorded more than 2,000 injuries and five deaths. In 42 percent of cases, drivers lost control of their vehicle. Alcohol was the most common type of misconduct in accidents involving personal injury, at 18.3 percent. According to the ADAC, many accidents occur illegally on sidewalks or due to excessive speed. 76 percent of accident victims are under 45, and 34 percent are younger than 25. Because of the weather, more accidents are recorded in the spring and summer.
Traffic experts have key tips that e-scooter drivers should keep in mind:
- Always wear a helmet, despite the fact that helmets are not mandatory
- Practice in a quiet place before you hit the road
- Plan your route well and, if possible, go where there are bike paths
- Show changes in trend as soon as possible
- Driving in a row, not next to each other
- Do not ride a motorcycle in pairs
- Do not drive under the influence of alcohol
- Put one foot behind the other
- No sudden steering movements
- Do not drive with one hand
The following fines apply to e-scooter sins:
- Red at the traffic light: between 60 and 180 euros
- Driving on the sidewalk: 55-100 euros
- Driving without a license plate insurance: 40 euros
- Driving a scooter without an operating permit: €70
- Ride next to each other: 15-30€
- Riding in pairs: €10