Updated on 05/06/2022 15:12
- Schleswig-Holstein elects a new state parliament on May 8th.
- The so-called Jamaican coalition of CDU, Greens and FDP currently governs.
- The CDU led by Prime Minister Daniel Gunther is leading in the opinion polls.
In Schleswig-Holstein, coalitions have changed a lot in recent decades. In 2000, the coalition that had been in power until that point, then Red and Green, was confirmed in state elections. Prime Minister Daniel Gunther has led the so-called Jamaica coalition between the CDU, the Greens and the Free Democratic Party since 2017. A new state parliament will be elected on May 8. Overview:
What are the most important facts about the elections?
About 2.3 million voters are allowed to cast their ballots. There are 16 parties with state lists. There are approximately 300 candidates in 35 electoral districts. In 2017, the participation rate was 64.2%.
What voting rights apply in Schleswig-Holstein?
The five percent hitch and the two-vote system are applied. The 35 states are awarded from the electoral districts with the first vote. Whoever gets the most votes is elected. The second vote is for the party’s state slate, which adds 34 regular mandates. Seat assignment is calculated using the Sainte-Laguë / Schepers method. If a party gets more direct mandates in constituencies than it is entitled to based on second votes, it retains those multiple seats. The other parties get compensation according to their share.
Why is SSW considered a special case?
As a party from the Danish minority, the South Schleswig Voters’ Assembly (SSW) is exempt from the five percent requirement. However, he needs at least the number of votes needed to allocate the last term. The party, which also represents the Frisian minority, has been in Parliament on this basis since 1958. For a long time it had only one, and currently there are three. From 2012 to 2017, the SSW formed a government with the Social Democratic Party and the Green Party. With Anke Spoorendonk, the Assembly presented the then Minister of Justice.
What is the starting point?
Politicians from seven parties currently sit in the state parliament. The strongest strength in 2017 was the Christian Democratic Union with 32.0 percent, followed by the Social Democratic Party with 27.3 percent, the Greens with 12.9 percent, and the Christian Democrats with 11.5 percent. The Alternative for Germany party entered parliament for the first time with 5.9 percent. Left hitch missed 5 percent. SSW managed 3.3 percent, which is enough for three states. The five-member parliamentary group initially collapsed in favor of the AfD because the party had only three deputies left. A faction must have at least four. Doris von Sayn-Wittgenstein, the former chairwoman of the AfD, was expelled from the party and parliamentary bloc. Frank Braudel left the AfD and later joined the conservative Liberal Reformists.
Who are the best candidates?
Prime Minister Günther (48) is the president of the CDU State Assembly. He has led the government made up of the CDU, Greens and the FDP since 2017. The SPD candidate is former President of State Counsel Thomas Los Mueller (49), a former expert, economist and banker. The Green Party’s candidate is Finance Minister Monica Heinold (63). Economy Minister Bernd Buchholz (60), the FDP’s top candidate, used to be head of the Gruner + Jahr publishing house. The AfD nominated former group leader Jörg Nobis (46), long-time SSW MP Lars Harms (57). Susan Spithmann and Johann Kenji Bleichau compete on the left.
What issues dominated the election campaign?
After the outbreak of the Ukraine war, high energy and fuel prices played a major role. The expansion of renewable energies, especially wind energy in rural areas, was also a major topic. The CDU and the FDP are calling for more oil production in the Wadden Sea in order to reduce dependence on imports from Russia. For the Greens, this is just as difficult as building an LNG terminal in Brunsbüttel: it is supported by the state’s leading Greens, as does Federal Economy Minister Robert Habeck (the Greens), and was rejected by a government conference. . Agricultural policy is a highly contentious issue between the CDU and FDP on the one hand and the Greens on the other side of the coalition.
What do opinion polls say?
A survey conducted by the research group Wahlen for ZDF and published Thursday put CDU at 38 percent and SPD and Greens at 18 percent. It is followed by the Democratic Action Party (eight per cent), the AfD and the Sub-Saharan Party, each with six per cent. Other parties also reached a total of six percent. Surveys have long demonstrated a high level of satisfaction with the state government and very high approval rates for Gunther, including among supporters of other parties.
What coalitions can be after the state elections?
According to dpa, the CDU prefers to rule alone with the FDP, but says it would like to continue the Jamaica alliance. If that is not enough for a two-party coalition of CDU/FDP, SSW can join as well. The majority will also have a coalition of CDU and Greens, i.e. black-green. The FDP has expressed a clear preference for the CDU, which could make the alliance of traffic lights with the SPD and the Greens more difficult. The Greens go to elections without making a coalition statement. (dpa/ok)