Discrimination study: Nearly 90 percent know about racism in Germany – Politics

© Tobias Schwartz/AFP

Andrea Dernbach

For a long time, racism was considered a marginal political issue. The survey now refutes this and shows that people are aware of the problem.

Most Germans, 90 percent of them, know that racism exists; A clear majority have already experienced it – as influenced by themselves or by their observation. In the new Racial Discrimination and Racism Watch, the first study of which was published today, 65 percent of those surveyed said they had either experienced racial discrimination against themselves or had witnessed such incidents, and only a third of the population remembered not mentioning it. accident adventure.

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And those who have been racially excluded, but who have also witnessed racism, are very upset about this: 60 to 80 percent express strong dissatisfaction and state that they have to think about it over and over again. About 5,000 people with and without immigrant backgrounds participated in the representative survey last summer.

The survey should be repeated regularly in order to be able to track short-term developments or trends. Individual data analyzes will deal with the situation in different areas of society – for example in schools, authorities and the media.

You know the problem – fight it

The research team at the German Center for Research on Integration and Migration (DeZIM) tacitly opposes the view that racism is an issue of small groups being heard and putting pressure on identity politics. According to the preliminary study, “it is not only perceived by those who experience it first-hand themselves.”

Whether part of a discriminated group and a visible minority or a member of a ‘majority community’: Half of those surveyed in each case found they lived in a racist society – albeit with a clear gender gap: That’s what 39 percent men think, but 58 percent of women agree.

Knowing that racism exists and that it is something more than personal – 65% consider it strong or tends to be institutional, i.e. part of the work of the state – and the powerful influence it has even on people who only observe its experience is ironic. the other side.

The study also revealed strong resistance to this knowledge and an underestimation of racism: 33 percent of those surveyed described people experiencing racism as being overly sensitive, and 52 percent said they were very anxious. Nearly half (45 percent) consider criticism – claims of racism or political correctness – to be either inappropriate, exaggerated, or fearful of restricting freedom of expression. “It’s nonsense that once normal words should be racist now”—for example, more than half agree somewhat or even entirely with the statement.

Almost half of them think that races still exist

The defense comes “mainly from the middle of society,” Write to Researchers: Inside and select that from the educational qualifications of the respondents: 62 percent of those with a high school diploma against language critical of racism and 55 percent of people with critical language have a college entrance qualification. At 52 percent, disapproval from high school students is less pronounced.

Racist views are also prevalent – in this case, education seems to have a positive effect: almost half of the German population (49 percent) still believe that there are human races. Those who did not complete their studies stick to this thesis more often (72 percent) than people with college entrance qualifications, and a good third (37 percent) still believe in the existence of races, although this has long been scientifically disproved. Perhaps the deciding factor here is the proportion of older adults: 61 percent are behind the race myth, 14 to 24 year olds not even a third (32 percent).

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