During the Grand Slam tournaments, millions of fans are once again drawn to televisions. But even small tournaments always attract many spectators. BILD explains the most important terms and grammar.
The object of tennis is to hit the ball (6.35 to 6.67 cm in size and 56.7 to 58.5 g) into the opponent’s court. If the ball lands just outside the bounds, the opponent gets a point.
A tennis match called that exceeds at least two sets. If a player wins six matches and at the same time more than the opponent by two matches, the group is considered to have won. But: If the score is 6:5, play continues until the leading player advances by two sets.
A direct point with a submission that the opponent cannot touch. If the opponent touches the ball without returning it, the gain of this point is called the “serving winner”.
▶ ︎ Aus (English: external)
The ball hits the ground on the field of play or a permanent structure outside the field of play without first rebounding. The referee extends his arm from shoulder height to the side in the direction the ball went out. The palm is facing the referee, the fingers extended and closed. If the assistant referee is sitting on the same side as the referee, the arm is pointing forward.
▶ ︎ Feature
English term for feature. Advantage refers to an advantage in a match after the previous tie (40:40). The superior transmission is always performed from the left flank. So the left half of the game is also called the better side. Then either “First Impression” or “Game” again.
▶ ︎ mesh roller
A ball that touches the edge of the net and bounces back into the opponent’s field with a skewed path.
▶ ︎ The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP)
The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) is the Association of Professional Tennis Players, and is the counterpart to the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).
▶ ︎ Better than five
English term for a match with three winning groups. If both players have already won two sets, the decision to win the match rests with the fifth and final set. Over five winning combinations are played in the men’s Davis Cup, Grand Slam tournaments, and the ten finals of the Masters Series.
▶ ︎ rest time
When a player can win a game of serve for an opponent whose serve is broken, this is called a “break”. The break has a predetermined meaning, as the server can usually win his game.
▶ ︎ center Tennis Court
The main court of the tennis facility. It is usually the place where the final match is held or where most of the spectators are seated.
▶ ︎ Code of Conduct
A catalog of comprehensive codes of etiquette created by the International Tennis Federation, the ATP Tour and the WTA Tour for Conduct on and off the court.
▶ ︎ Gold Slam
Victories at the four Grand Slam tournaments in Melbourne, Paris, Wimbledon and New York and at the Olympic Games in the space of one calendar year. So far, only German tennis legend Steffi Graf has managed to do this in 1988.
▶ ︎ Grand Slam tournaments
The four most important tournaments in the world: the Australian Open in Melbourne, the French Open in Paris, Wimbledon in London, the US Open in Flushing Meadows / New York.
▶ ︎ Judge’s Line
Line guys are used in the big tournaments to aid the president’s referee (on the sidelines, midfield, baseline, and service line). They have to tell at lightning speed whether the ball is in the court or out of bounds.
▶ ︎ rendezvous point
Point before victory. Therefore, the matching point is usually referred to internationally as a “match point”. The “set ball” denotes the point before winning the set, and it does not mean the overall win.
▶ ︎ Mixed
My husband is mixed with one woman and one man per team. It is played according to the rules of the double game.
Why is 15, 30, 40 counted?
The player’s first win counts as 15 points, the second 30, and the third 40 points. However, the source of the numbering has not been clearly clarified yet. There are two theories about this.
Variant 1: Counting goes back to money and game bets in 14th century France. Accordingly, gros denier (value: 15 denier) was used at that time. In the group, which at that time often consisted of four matches, the bet 4 times was 15 “deniers”: 15, 30, 45 and 60.
Variant 2: Whenever a player scores a point in a jeu de paume, he moves an extra bar until he reaches the middle of the field. He started playing in the 0 inch streak. At that time, if a player wins a point, he advances to the 15th line, then to the 30th line, and then to the 45th line. Only then does he win the match. Because this line was too close to the grid, the last pointer was reverted to the 40-inch line.
Why does the referee say “love” with zero. Again, there are two theories.
Alternative 1: Love
The expression is said to come from the phrase “to do something for love.” So I’ve done all the crowdwork for nothing, I’m still at ground zero.
Alternative 2: The egg!
It is believed that the term “Love” is used because it is similar to the French word “L’uf” which translates to “egg” which in turn is very close to the number “0”.
On the other hand, one thing is clear: Wimbledon, the so-called “lawn tennis tournaments”, is the oldest tournament in the world and was first held in 1877. In 1894 women were also allowed to start. There has been a royal inn since 1922.
To this day, the dress code is very strict. 90% of players’ clothes should be white. Grass blades should be no more than eight millimeters long. Not to be forgotten: the legendary strawberry that has been on sale since 1893. The red Wimbledon fruit is still standardized to this day and should weigh between 12 and 13 grams.