5 things you need to know

Carpal tunnel syndrome: what is it?

Carpal tunnel syndrome describes a series of symptoms that occur as a result of irritation and damage to the median nerve in the wrist area. typical Finger pain, numbness, tingling, discomfort, and stiffness swollen fingers; Irritation and damage to the median nerve is caused by a narrowing of the carpal tunnel that puts direct pressure on the nerve. The median nerve of the arm passes into the wrist through a “tube” surrounded by connective tissue. This tube consists of the carpal bones and an extended band of the combined fascia. In carpal tunnel syndrome, this fascial band narrows the median nerve that runs under it and causes irritation. The median nerve divides into the palm and controls the thumb, index, middle and ring fingers.

By the way, it is a misconception that people who do office work are more likely to have carpal tunnel syndrome. People who do heavy manual work and regularly strain their wrists and overburden are actually more likely to be affected.

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1. Causes of carpal tunnel syndrome

The cause of carpal tunnel syndrome is always one narrow carpal tunnel, which then compresses the median nerve in the arm and damages it in the wrist area. However, this narrowing can have many different causes. Subscriber is congenital carpal tunnel stenosis It is inherited. Women are three times more likely to have carpal tunnel syndrome than men. Another very common cause is the regular cause Manual work and tension from the wrist. Contrary to popular belief, carpal tunnel syndrome occurs more frequently in people who do heavy, strenuous manual labor. Construction workers who move around and use heavy equipment or machinery are at greater risk of developing carpal tunnel syndrome than are office workers who do desk or computer work, for example. The carpal tunnel can also narrow and pinch the median nerve if Water retention in the wrists It causes thickening of ligaments and tendons. Obesity, diabetes, hormonal changes due to pregnancy or thyroid disorders could be possible factors.

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2. Symptoms of nerve damage

Carpal tunnel syndrome does not appear suddenly and without warning. Irritation of the median nerve by the narrow carpal tunnel makes itself felt at first Numbness in the thumb, index, middle, and ring fingers marked. Affected people often report tingling in their fingers and paws, which may also occur wrong concepts And Deterioration of the sense of touch. In the early stages of the disease, the fingers often sleep in the evening when the hands are resting. With the development of nerve compression it also occurs frequently pain It can extend from the fingers to the arm and shoulder. If left untreated, the syndrome can cause severe nerve damage. There is a loss of sensitivity in the fingers and the palm of the hand Muscle loss in the ball of the thumbwhich is no longer properly controlled by the compressed nerve.

3. Diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome

Doctors can classify carpal tunnel syndrome by the number of physical exams diagnosis. Since the irritated metatarsal nerve is less sensitive, give Touch and sensitivity test They often provide information about the condition of the carpal tunnel. Those affected can Not spreading your thumbs properly Or you no longer see light touches on the palms of the hands, the metatarsal nerve may be irritated. Because of the limited sensitivity to touch, patients sometimes find it difficult to grasp small objects with their fingers and thumb. the doctors beats In the diagnosis also that wrist pulse Away. If this causes pain, carpal tunnel necrosis can be completed.

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