The Time of National Socialism: “Kicker” Works on Its History – Sports

The year before last I celebrated football table Centenary of its founding. At least this was the plan, which would also have included large celebrations in and with the city of Nuremberg, where the editorial building of the football magazine has been located since 1920. But the epidemic thwarted this plan, which, however, could not do anything to prevent all relevant media The relevance is almost from the anniversary tribute. And according to reports, the workforce internally celebrated a bit at least a year later, before presenting a large-scale study on Monday, the second year after the actual anniversary, which looked back at the time football table Featured in National Socialism. It is no coincidence that this was the end of the anniversary events.

When the 432-page book was presented at the Nuremberg Press Club, Hanover historian Lorenz Beaver rudely explained how he and his colleague Henry Wallig of the German Football Museum in Dortmund dealt with the research task of the editorial team: “It is not our job to weave wreaths for institutions.” Beaver said the sport in general “had huge problems dealing with its past after 1945. There was collective amnesia.”

The fact that this has now been overcome was also proven by order of football table, which has made its digital archive fully accessible to all twenty authors. “Football has only been seen as a part of history 20 years ago,” he said. football table Editor-in-chief Jörg Jacob, who would like to see “Processing” (subtitle) also used in the chapter: “I hope it finds its way into the history lessons.”

The researchers demonstrated the magazine’s deep involvement in National Socialist thought

In fact, the results of the research, which show that the magazine was deeply involved in the ideology of National Socialism, are also interesting because they are typical of large parts of German society in the 1930s. A mixture of opportunism, anti-Semitism and nationalistic delusion in the case of football table To make matters worse, the newspaper was founded by a man who advocated the exact opposite. Walther Bensmann was a libertarian who coined his paper as “a figurative head of a liberal cosmopolitan conception of sport” (Wallig).

In 1932, when the situation became more oppressive for Jews, Bensmann fled to Montreux, where he died a year later. Meanwhile, a change of attitude finally took place in Nuremberg, which at that time turned large parts of the country into “Nazi Germany” and caused the deaths of millions of people. also in football tableTerritories went hand in hand with the ideological dissolution of interpersonal relations. Bensmann’s successor, Hans Jacob Mullenbach, owes his career primarily to Bensmann’s championing. Well, given the title of “Editor-in-chief” by the new rulers, there was a football table To read suddenly cheerful texts about the SA rallies in Nuremberg as well as the ongoing reports on football. This was long before the “Editor’s Law” came into effect at the beginning of 1934 and abolished the freedom of the press.

Part of the cover of “United. Bold. Faithful.” “Kicker” in National Socialism – A Reassessment”. Lorenz Peiffer, Henry Wahlig (ed.), Verlag Die Werkstatt, 432 pages, ISBN 9783730706213. €39.90.

(Photo: kicker/oh)

With the onset of the war, the study’s authors identified the next level of escalation: the paper, founded by Anglophile Bensemann, who had been a teacher in England for years, suddenly no longer reported on English football, which had always been taken as a reference. After all, Nazi propaganda described England as the country that started World War II. The pure NS declaration paper was football table Not until then, sober sports reporting remained the occasional, sometimes somewhat quantitative focus. But whenever it becomes an ideology, the tone of voice must be the tone of Nuremberg strikerThe publisher Julius Streicher liked it very much.

So give loyalty football table The NSDAP in a guest article called it “the great freedom movement of the German people” and celebrated Hitler’s attack on Poland under the programmatic title: “United. Fearless. Faithful.” And, of course, from the stylistic stylist of the “Editor-in-chief” himself. “There are thousands of other examples where people fall, putting themselves in line,” Beaver said at Monday’s book launch.

This is how Göttingen publicist Bernd Beyer also sees it, who contributed to Mullenbach’s chapter in “Einig. Angstlos. Treu” and with a biography Bensemann written in 2003 laying the foundation for the football table He has been vigorously invoking the journalistic legacy of his founder for several years. After examining the sources, Bayer was also surprised “by the speed with which Bensmann’s legacy was replaced by a rigorous NS cycle and submissive praise from Mullenbach’s pen.”

The fact that all of this is now scientifically documented marks a turning point that has been described as ending at the Nuremberg event. According to Henry Wallig, football has been silently hiding its past for decades because it held onto the fantasy that sport and politics were separate worlds until the 1990s. However, this is an argument that will be heard more frequently in the second half of 2022, when athletes and officials attempt to participate in the World Cup in Qatar.

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