Ironically, when it comes to the quality of the process stages in companies, the dual study program needs to improve. This requirement, which the researchers derived from the site’s most comprehensive evaluation of dual studies in Germany to date, relates to the core of the study model introduced in the 1970s.
Three-quarters of the students surveyed named ‘good career prospects’ after studying mostly at a university of applied sciences, which combined with extensive apprenticeship or work placements in a company, as a very important reason for choosing a dual programme. However, a quarter of them have already considered changing companies or specialties.
To study CHE Centrums For the Undergraduate Development and Research Institute for Business Education (f-bb) on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), approximately 3,500 students were surveyed from October 2020 to April 2022.
Sigrun Nickel, one of the two project directors on the study, explains that the fit between theory and practice in the dual study program particularly needs to be improved. “Here, the company’s training and study plans are also very important,” says Head of Undergraduate Research at CHE.
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Above all, there is a demand for companies, which also eventually expect a lot of double students – and already attach great importance to the practical relevance of the course (78.7 percent). The survey of about 1,700 people participating in the company showed that they participate in such programs because they can retain potential employees at an early stage (67.2 percent) and therefore see a significant advantage in on-the-job training even earlier. They graduated (65, 6 percent).
The share of students in Berlin is 6.8%
These numbers also show how scalable the dual study program in Germany is: in 2019, 122,000 people nationwide were studying at universities and companies at the same time, four times as much as in 2004. It constitutes a share of nearly 2,000 dual courses Now 18.1 percent of courses offered are in the Bachelor’s area (and 9.6 percent in the Master’s).
However, because these programs are often small with relatively few students, their share of the nationwide student body is on average only 4.2 percent (first-semester share: 4.6 percent). CHE and f-bb identified the main regional differences: in Saarland, nearly 30 per cent of students were enrolled in a dual course, in Bavaria only 2.6 per cent and in Bremen only 0.6 per cent.
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With a share of 6.8 percent, Berlin ranks third in comparing student shares nationwide. The Law and Economics category leads here with a double-digit share of 26.7 percent, followed by Health Sciences with 12.4 percent.
The authors of CHE and f-bb see the potential for more dual coursework, for example in health and care. “The emerging need for skilled workers in this field can be partially covered by more dual-study programs in this field,” she says.
There is also criticism of Contractual security and social status for double students. Their wages are regulated completely differently: on average, they receive 1018 euros per month from cooperating companies. In the Saarland, where one can already speak of a boom in dual studies, it is only 627 euros (as of 2021).